The Sustainable Development Goals and a Longevity Agenda
By Professor Andrew Scott, Department of Economics, London Business School and Research Fellow, Center for Economic and Policy Research
The world population has reached 8 billion, a fourfold increase since the early 20th century. Achieving long-run prosperity for all in the face of this increase has been a motivating force for the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals.
This 8 billion landmark marks a time of change for demographic trends. Population growth is expected to slow as declining fertility rates offset the impact of higher life expectancy. A number of countries are projected to see declining populations. Japan, for instance, is expected to end the 21st century with a population of 74 million, down from its 2010 peak of 128 million.